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Lesson 1















Automated Internet

Automated Editors

Sample Scripts

Precompiled Functions

System Features

  Help Page - lin

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All help pages, including this help page, are available in biterScripting with the help command. )

Command lin Purpose Editor - Line inserter Aliases lineinserter, lineins, lin Syntax lin [ <options> ] " [<start_bounder>] <n> [<end_bounder>] " " <insert_string> " <input_string> Options -p Preserve the input string. Without this option, the <insert_string> is inserted into <input_string>. With this option, the <input_string> is left unchanged. -c Case insensitive. Case will be ignored when considering separator characters. -e Consider empty lines. Arguments <input_string> The input string on which this command will operate. It can be specified as a str constant or str variable or an expression resulting in a str value. If a str constant is used, we highly recommend using double quotes around it, such as "John Doe". Without the double quotes, the spaces in the input string will produce errors. In case of a str constant or a str expression, the -p option is assumed. <n> The instance number (line number). The input string will be searched for this instance of the target. Instances are counted from 1. <n> must be either a number higher than 0 or the letter l (which indicates the last instance). <start_bounder> <end_bounder> This argument can either be absent, the character [ or the character ]. The <start_bounder> appears before the <n>. The <end_bounder> appears after the <n>. We will now explain the role of these bounders with an example. We will assume that we are looking for fifth line. "5" Target instance is only the fifth line. "5[" Target instance is everything after but excluding the fifth line. "5]" Target instance is everything upto and including the fifth line. "[5" Target instance is everything beginning with and including the fifth line. "[5[" This combination is INVALID. "[5]" Target instance is only the fifth line. This is same as "5". "]5" Target instance is everything upto but excluding the fifth line. "]5[" Target instance is everything outside but excluding the fifth line. "]5]" This combination is INVALID. In all VALID cases, the <insert_string> is inserted BEFORE the target instance. The quotes in the command syntax are required. Without the double quotes, an error or erroneous output may be produced. <insert_string> The string to insert before the target instance. Stream Input Stream input is ignored. Stream Output The original input along with inserted content is added to stream output. Stream Error Any errors are listed here. Description The command inserts the <insert_string> before the target instance. The following system variable plays an important role. $lsep Line separator This variable is used to identify, number, and extract distinct lines. See the 'systemvar' help topic for its description. You can change its value to highly refine your search procedure. We highly recommend that, if you change any system variable's value, you restore it after the search is complete, as many system variables are often used by more than one command. Restrictions None. Valid Examples This example will read a C Plus Plus code file in sample.cpp, and produce an output where all lines (including empty lines) are numbered. Each line will be printed with line number, followed by tab, followed by the line itself. # Read contents of file into a str. var str content repro "Sample.cpp" > $content # Get the total number of lines. var int total_num set $total_num = { len -e $content } # Note that we used -e for empty lines. # Print lines one by one. var int num # We will track the gradually increasing line number here. # $num currently has the default value of 0. while ($num < $total_num) do # Increment $num set $num = $num+1 # We will create a dynamic argument that passes <n> to the lin command. # (We will not be using start or end bounders in this example, just <n>. var str n set $n=makestr(int($num)) # Should result in "1", "2", etc. # We will create another dynamic argument that passes the <insert_string> to the lin command. var str insert_string set $insert_string = makestr(int($num)) # We created a str version of $num set $insert_string = $insert_string + "\t" # Should result in 1\t, 2\t, etc. # Insert $insert_string into the n'th line. lin -e $n $insert_string $content >null done # Output the resulting $content. It now has line numbers. echo $content Invalid Examples var int i ... lin "l" "This is the last line: " $i Will produce error. Variable $i is not a str variable. See Also systemvar var echo escape len lex lap lal sin win chin

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